The Coccidia of Flightless Land Birds
(cassowaries, emus, kiwi, ostriches, rheas)

Compiled by
Donald W. Duszynski1, Steve J. Upton2, and Lee Couch1

1Department of Biology, University of New Mexico
2Division of Biology, Kansas State University

Supported by NSF-PEET DEB 9521687

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Updated: 2 May 1999
Comments: (Duszynski)
or (Upton)

Order: Apterygiformes (kiwis)

4 types of "undetermined" coccidia Thompson & Wright, 1978

Host: Apteryx australia mantelli (Kiwi)
References: Thompson & Wright 1978

Order: Casuariiformes (cassowaries and emus)

None described

Order: Rheiformes (rheas)

Isospora sp. of Faust & Pappas, 1977

Host: Rhea americana (Rhea)
References: Faust & Pappas 1977
This is most likely an isosporan of another avian host that was accidentally ingested.

Order: Struthioniformes (ostriches)

Isospora struthionis Yakimoff, 1940

Host: Struthio camelus (Ostrich)
References: Yakimoff 1940
This is most likely an isosporan of another avian host that was accidentally ingested.


Faust, B.S., and P.W. Pappas. 1977. A survey of coccidia and helminth paraistes of birds at the Columbus (Ohio) Zoo. Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine 8: 18-23.

Thompson, E.J., and Wright, I.G.A. 1978. Coccidiosis in kiwis. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 26: 167.

Yakimoff, W.L. 1940. Isospora struthionis n. sp., coccidie de l'autruche africaine. Annales de Societe Belge de Medecine Tropical, Brussels 20: 137-138.