The Coccidia of Charadriiformes
(auks, avocets, curlews, gulls, ibisbills, jacanas, lapwings, murres, oystercatchers, plovers, pratincoles, puffins, sandpipers, seedsnipes, sheathbills, skimmers, skua, snipe, stilts, terns, turnstones, woodcock, yellow legs)

Compiled by
Donald W. Duszynski1, Steve J. Upton2, and Lee Couch1

1Department of Biology, University of New Mexico
2Division of Biology, Kansas State University

Supported by NSF-PEET DEB 9521687

COPYRIGHT NOTICE: Copyright 1998. Material at this site is intellectual property and is protected by the International Berne Convention Treaty and by copyright laws of the United States of America. Permission hereby is granted by the authors for individuals to make copies of any portion of this work for personal or classroom use, without fee, providing that the information is not distributed for profit or for commerical advantage. Any use of this information for scientific purposes, such as contained in taxonomic review articles, books, book chapters, or monographs, MUST be accompanied by an appropriate credit citing the above authors by name and acknowledging NSF grant PEET DEB 9521687. Any use of this information for profit or other commercial gain must be negotiated with the authors.

Updated: 2 May 1999
Comments: (Duszynski)
or (Upton)

Family: Burchinidae (stone curlews)

Eimeria burchinici Dzerzhinskii & Kairooaev, 1989

Host: Burchinus oedicencus (Stone curlew)
Reference: Dzerzhinskii & Kairooaev 1989

Family: Charadriidae (plovers)

Eimeria ahmadi Shamsuddin & Jasim, 1980

Host: Vanellus leucurus (White-tailed plover)
Reference: Shamsuddin & Jasim, 1980

Eimeria charadrii Mandal, 1965

Host: Charadrius asiaticus (Caspian plover)
Reference: Mandal 1965

Eimeria pluvialina (Mandal, 1965) Pellerdy, 1974

Synonym: Eimeria roscoviense pluvialina (Labbe, 1893) Wasielewski, 1904
Host: Charadrius asiaticus (Caspian plover)
References: Labbe 1893; Mandal 1965; Pellerdy 1974; von Waisielewski 1904

Eimeria roscoviense (Labbe, 1893) von Waisielewski, 1904

Synonym: Coccidium roscoviense Labbe, 1893
Hosts: Charadrius alexandrinus (Snowy plover), Charadrius dubius (Little ringed plover),
Pluvialis apricaria (Eurasian golden plover)
References: Dzerzhinskii & Kairooaev 1989; Labbe 1893; von Waisielewski 1904

Eimeria sp. of Shamsuddin & Jasim, 1980

Host: Charadrius dubius (Little ringed plover)
Reference: Shamsuddin & Jasim 1980

Eimeria vanelli Mandal, 1965

Hosts: Vanellus malabaricus (Yellow-wattled lapwing), Vanellus vanellus (Northern lapwing)
Reference: Frank 1978; Mandal 1965

Isospora sp. of Henry, 1932

Host: Charadrius vociferus (killdeer)
Reference: Henry 1932

Isospora sp. of Rivolta & Delprato, 1881

Host: Vanellus vanellus (Northern lapwing)
Reference: Rivolta & Delprato 1881

Family: Scolopacidae (sandpipers)

"Coccidian" of Locke, Stickel, & Geis, 1965

Host: Scolopax minor (American woodcock)
Reference: Locke et al. 1965

Eimeria gallinagoi Mandal, 1965

Host: Gallinago gallinago (Common snipe)
Reference: Mandal 1965

Eimeria numenii Mandal, 1965

Host: Numenius arquata (Eurasian curlew)
Reference: Mandal 1965; Frank 1978

Eimeria philomachusi Dzerzhinskii & Kairooaev, 1989

Hosts: Tringa glareola (Wood sandpiper), T. totanus (Common redshank)
Reference: Dzerzhinskii & Kairooaev 1989

Eimeria spp. (Labbe, 1893) von Waisielewski, 1904

Synonym: Coccidium roscoviense Labbe, 1893, pro parte
Synonym: Eimeria roscoviense (Labbe, 1893) von Waisielewski, 1904, pro parte
Hosts: Actitis hypleucus (Common sandpiper), Arenaria interpres (Ruddy turnstone),
Calidris alba (Sanderling), C. alpina (Dunlin), Numenius phaeopus (Whimbrel),
Tringa glareola (Wood sandpiper), T. totanus (Common redshank)
References: Dzerzhinskii & Kairooaev 1989; Labbe 1893, 1896; von Waisielewski 1904

Eimeria (?) sp. of Levine, 1953

Host: Arenaria interpres (Ruddy turnstone)
Reference: Levine 1953

Family: Stercorariidae (skuas)

Eimeria stercorariae Galli-Valerio, 1940

Host: Sterocorarius parasiticus (Parasitic jaeger)
Reference: Galli-Valerio 1940

Family: Laridae (gulls & terns)

"Coccidia" of Rakhmatullina & Svanbaev, 1971

Host: Larus argentatus (Herring gull)
Reference: Rakhmatullina & Svanbaev 1971

"Coccidia" of Rakhmatullina & Svanbaev, 1971

Host: Larus ridibundus (Black-headed gull)
Reference: Rakhmatullina & Svanbaev 1971

"Renal coccidia" of Thompson & Wright, 1978

Host: "terns"
Reference: Thompson & Wright 1978

Eimeria creutzi Creutz & Gottschalk, 1969

Host: Larus ridibundus (Black-headed gull)
Reference:Creutz & Gottschalk 1969

Eimeria goelandi Gajadhar & Leighton 1988

Host: Larus argentatus (Herring gull)
Reference: Gajadhar & Leighton 1988

Eimeria lari Schwalbach, 1959

Hosts: Larus argentatus (Herring gull), L. ribibundus (Black-headed gull)
References: Rakhamullina & Svanbaev 1971; Scwalbach 1959

Eimeria mellumi Schwalbach, 1959

Host: Larus argentatus (Herring gull)
Reference: Schwalbach 1959

Eimeria meservei Coatney, 1935

Host: Sterna forsteri (Forster's tern)
Reference: Coatney 1935

Eimeria renicola Creutz & Gottschalk, 1969

Host: Larus ridibundus (Black-headed gull)
References: Creutz & Gottschalk 1969; Frank 1978; Gottschalk 1967a, 1967b

Eimeria rissae Soulsby & Jennings, 1957

Host: Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged kittiwake)
Reference: Soulsby & Jennings 1957

Eimeria wobeseri Gajadhar & Leighton 1988

Host: Larus argentatus (Herring gull)
Reference: Gajadhar & Leighton 1988

Family: Alcidae (auks, murres, & puffins)

Eimeria fraterculae Leighton & Gajadhar, 1986

Host: Fratercula arctica (Common puffin)
Reference: Leighton & Gajadhar 1986


Coatney, G.R. 1935. Eimeria meservei a new species of coccidia from Forster's tern, Sterna forsteri Nuttall. Journal of Parasitology 21: 449.

Creutz, G., and Gottschalk, C. 1969. Endoparasitenbefall bei Lachmowen in Abhangigkeit vom Alter. Angewandte Parasitologie 10: 80-91.

Dzerzhinskii, V.A., and Kairooaev, K.K. 1989. Coccidia of wild animals at downstream R. Turgai. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR seriya Biologichesdaia Nauk 0(2): 30-33.

Frank, V.C. 1978. Plasmodium (Haemamoeba) und Coccidia: Ein Beitrag zur Protozoenfauna verschiedener Vogel aus Ostosterreich. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Zoologie 65: 195-204.

Gajadhar, A.A., and Leighton, F.A. 1988. Eimeria wobeseri sp. n. and Eimeria goelandi sp. n. (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) in the kidneys of herring gulls (Larus argentatus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 24: 538-546.

Galli-Valerio, B. 1940. Notes de Parasitologie et de technique parasitologique. Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde 82: 352-358.

Gottschalk, C. 1967a. Nierenkokzidiose bei Lachmowen unnd deren jahreszeitliche Dynamik. Vortrag auf Haupttagung d. Parasitol. Ges. d. DDR u.d. Arbeitsgem. Toxoplasmose d Ges. f. Seuchenschutz, 23 October, 1967, Leipzig.

Gottschalk, C. 1967b. Zur Saisondynamik einiger Lachmowenparasiten in der Oberlausitz. Vortrag auf Haupttagung d Parasitol. Ges. d DDR, 15-17 November, 1967, Leipzig. pp. 2-5.

Henry, D.P. 1932. Isospora buteonis sp. nov. from the hawk and owl, and notes on Isospora lacazii (Labbe) in birds. University of California Publications in Zoology 37: 291-300.

Labbe, A. 1893. Sur les coccidies des oiseaux. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Series 3, 117: 407-409.

Leighton, F.A., and Gajadhar, A.A. 1986. Eimeria fraterculae sp. n. in the kidneys of Atlantic puffins (Fratercula arctica) from Newfoundland, Canada: Species description and lesions. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 22: 520-526.

Levine, N.D. 1953. A review of the coccidia from the avian orders Galliformes, Anseriformes and Charadriiformes, with descriptions of three new species. American Midland Naturalist 49: 696-719.

Locke, L.N., Stickel, W.H., and Geis, S.A. 1965. Some diseases and parasites of captive woodcocks. Journal of Wildlife Management 29: 156-161.

Mandal, A.K. 1965. Studies on some aspects of avian coccidia [Protozoa: Sporozoa] 3. Five new species of the genus Eimeria Schneider, and a new subspecies of Eimeria roscoviensis (Labbe). Proceedings of the Zoological Society, Calcutta 18: 47-57.

Pellerdy, L. 1974. Coccidia and Coccidiosis, 2nd edition. Akademai Kiado, Budapest and Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin. 959 pp.

Rakhmatullina, N.K. and Svanbaev, S.K. 1971. Some data on the coccidia in wild birds in Kazhakistan. Akademaii Nauk Kazhakskoii SSR, Trudy Instituta Zoologii 31: 171-177.

Rivolta, S. and Delprato, P. 1881. L'ornitoiatria o la Medicina degli Ucelli Domestici e Semidomestici. Pisa. Luigi Lombardini, Pisa. 515 pp.

Shamsuddin, M. and Jasim, M.K. 1980. Coccidia of some birds and mammals from Iraq. Bulletin of the Natural History Research Center, University of Baghdad 7: 81-110.

Soulsby, E.J.L., and Jennings, A.R. 1957. A new speies of coccidium (Eimeria rissae n. sp. Eimeriidae, Sporozoa) from the kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla tridactyla (L.). Nature 180: 1057-1058.

Thompson, E.J., and Wright, I.G.A. 1978. Coccidiosis in kiwis. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 26: 167.

von Wasielewski, T. 1904. Studien und Mikrophotogramme sur Kenntis der pathogene Protozoen. 1. Heft. III. Uber den Erreger einer Coccidienseuche bei Vogeln (Diplospora lacazei) Leipzig pp. 69-88.