Eimeria berea Duszynski and Wattam, 1988
Type host: Talpa eurpoaea Linnaeus, 1758, European mole.
Other hosts: None reported to date.
Type locality: EUROPE: England: Avon, 1.0 km E. of the town of Frenchay.
Geographic distribution: EUROPE: England.
Description of oocyst:
Oocyst shape: spheroid to asymmetrically subspheroid;
number of walls: only 1 is apparent in optical cross section;
wall thickness: <1.0;
wall characteristics: smooth;
L x W: 12.1 x 10.5 (10-15 x 8-14);
L/W ratio: 1.15 (1.0-1.7);
Distinctive features of oocyst: small size with spheroid to asymmetrically subspheroid shape.
Description of sporocysts and sporozoites:
Sporocyst shape: ovoid, distinctly pointed at one end;
L x W: 6.3 x 3.9 (5-10 x 2-5);
L/W ratio: 1.65 (1.2-2.2);
SR characteristics: several small globules that may be dispersed or may be concentrated in a single mass;
SP: neither SP nor RB were mentioned in the original description.
Distinctive features of sporocyst: very small size.
Prevalence: 8/33 (24%).
Sporulation: Oocysts were sporulated when returned to the laboratory from the field.
Prepatent and patent periods: Unknown.
Site of infection: Unknown. Oocysts recovered from feces and intestinal contents.
Materials deposited: Skin, skull, skeleton and tissues of the symbiotype host are preserved in the Mammal Division of the Musuem of SW Biology, UNM: MSB No. 9168 (male) T.L. Yates #1116, 24 August, 1982. Photosyntypes in the USNPC No. 85982.
Remarks: Only 2 coccidia described from insectivores have oocysts as small as those of E. berea. One is Cyclospora caryolytica from from Italy and the other is E. chagasi (=E. komareki, see Hertel and Duszynski, 1987) from shrews in Czechoslovakia and Russia. Eimeria berea differs from E. chagasi by being smaller (12 x 10.5 vs 14 x 12), by lacking a PG and by having sporocysts with a SB, not found in E. chagasi.
References: Duszynski and Wattam (1988).