Eimeria berea Duszynski and Wattam, 1988

Type host: Talpa eurpoaea Linnaeus, 1758, European mole.

Other hosts: None reported to date.

Type locality: EUROPE: England: Avon, 1.0 km E. of the town of Frenchay.

Geographic distribution: EUROPE: England.

Description of oocyst: Oocyst shape: spheroid to asymmetrically subspheroid; number of walls: only 1 is apparent in optical cross section; wall thickness: <1.0; wall characteristics: smooth; L x W: 12.1 x 10.5 (10-15 x 8-14); L/W ratio: 1.15 (1.0-1.7); M: absent; OR: absent; PG: absent. Distinctive features of oocyst: small size with spheroid to asymmetrically subspheroid shape.

Description of sporocysts and sporozoites: Sporocyst shape: ovoid, distinctly pointed at one end; L x W: 6.3 x 3.9 (5-10 x 2-5); L/W ratio: 1.65 (1.2-2.2); SB: present; SSB: absent; PSB: absent; SR: present; SR characteristics: several small globules that may be dispersed or may be concentrated in a single mass; SP: neither SP nor RB were mentioned in the original description. Distinctive features of sporocyst: very small size.

Prevalence: 8/33 (24%).

Sporulation: Oocysts were sporulated when returned to the laboratory from the field.

Prepatent and patent periods: Unknown.

Site of infection: Unknown. Oocysts recovered from feces and intestinal contents.

Materials deposited: Skin, skull, skeleton and tissues of the symbiotype host are preserved in the Mammal Division of the Musuem of SW Biology, UNM: MSB No. 9168 (male) T.L. Yates #1116, 24 August, 1982. Photosyntypes in the USNPC No. 85982.

Remarks: Only 2 coccidia described from insectivores have oocysts as small as those of E. berea. One is Cyclospora caryolytica from from Italy and the other is E. chagasi (=E. komareki, see Hertel and Duszynski, 1987) from shrews in Czechoslovakia and Russia. Eimeria berea differs from E. chagasi by being smaller (12 x 10.5 vs 14 x 12), by lacking a PG and by having sporocysts with a SB, not found in E. chagasi.

References: Duszynski and Wattam (1988).