Coccidia (Eimeriidae) of Anguilliformes (eels)

Compiled by
Donald W. Duszynski and Lee Couch
Department of Biology, University of New Mexico
Steve J. Upton
Division of Biology, Kansas State University

Supported by NSF-PEET DEB 9521687

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Updated: 14 July 2000
Comments: or

    FAMILY: Anguillidae (freshwater eels)

  1. Eimeria anguillae Leger and Hollande, 1922
    1. Synonym: Epieimeria anguillae (Leger and Hollande, 1922) Dykova and Lom, 1981
    2. Hosts: Anguilla anguilla (European eel), Anguilla australis (Short-finned eel), Anguilla dieffenbachii (New Zealand long-finned eel), Anguilla rostrata (American eel)
    3. References: Benajiba et al. 1994; Cruz e Silva et al. 1986, 1986/1987; Daoudi 1987; Daoudi et al. 1986, 1989; Dogiel 1948; Dykova and Lom 1981, 1983; Hanek and Molnar 1974; Hine 1975; Hine and Boustead 1974; Jastrzebski 1984; Lacey and Williams 1983; Leger and Hollande 1922; Levine 1984; Lom and Dykova 1995; Lukes 1990; Markevich 1951; Molnar and Baska 1986; Molnar and Hanek 1974; Molnar and Rohde 1988; Radujkovic and Raibaut 1989a, 1989b; Schulman and Shtein 1962

  2. Eimeria emiens Su and Chen, 1991
    1. Host: Anguilla japonica (Japanese eel)
    2. Reference: Su and Chen 1991

  3. Eimeria sp. of Thelohan, 1894
    1. Host: Anguilla anguilla (European eel)
    2. Reference: Thelohan 1894

  4. Eimeria sp. B of Molnar and Rohde, 1988
    1. Synonym: Goussia sp. B of Molnar and Rohde, 1988
    2. Host: Anguilla australis (Short-finned eel); Anguilla reinhardi (Long-finned eel)
    3. Reference: Molnar and Rohde 1988

    FAMILY: Congridae (Conger eels)

  5. Eimeria sp. of Lom and Dykova, 1982
    1. Synonym: Epieimeria isabellae Lom and Dykova, 1982
    2. Host: Conger conger (Conger eel)
    3. References: Daoudi 1987; Daoudi et al. 1986, 1989; Lom and Dykova 1982; Radujkovic and Raibaut 1989a, 1989b

    FAMILY: Muraenidae (Moray eels)

  6. Eimeria sp. of Landau, Marteau, Golvan, Chabaud, and Boulard, 1975
    1. Host: Gymnothorax moringa (Spotted moray eel)
    2. Reference: Landau et al. 1975


Benajiba, M.H., Marques, A., Lom, J., and Bouix, G. 1994. Ultrastructure and sporogony of Eimeria (syn. Epieimeria) anguillae (Apicomplexa) in the eel (Anguilla anguilla). Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 41: 215-222.

Cruz e Silva, M.P., Ventura, M.T., and Grazina-Freitas, M.S. 1986. Binomio patologia/maneio numa anguilicultura Portuguesa. Repositorio de Trabalhos do Laboratorio Nacional de Investiga cao Veterinaria 18: 41-48.

Cruz e Silva, M.P., Ventura, M.T., Grazina-Freitas, M.S., Varela, A.M., and Carvalho-Varela, M. 1986/1987. Relationship of management practices and pathology in a Portuguese eel farm. Anais da Escola Superior de Medicina Veterinaria, Lisboa 23-24: 119-136.

Daoudi, F. 1987. Coccidien et coccidioses des poissons mediterraneens: Systematique, ultrastructure et Biologie. PhD dissertation, University of Sciences and Techniques at Languedoc, Montpellier, France. 302 pp.

Daoudi, F., Blanc, E., Marques, A., and Bouix, G. 1986. L'Action histopathologique de quelques coccidies de poissons Mediterraneens (Golfe du Lion). In, Pathology in Marine Aquaculture, Vivares, C.P., Bonami, J.-R., and Jaspers, E., editors. European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 9, Bredene, Belgium. pp. 111-115.

Daoudi, F., Radujkovic, B.M., Marques, A., and Bouix, G. 1989. Parasites des poissons marins du Montenegro: Coccidies. Acta Adriatica 30: 13-30.

Dogiel, V.A. 1948. Parasitic protozoa of fishes from Peter the Great Bay. Izvestiya Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Instituto Ozernogo i Rechnogo Rybnogo Khozyaistva 27: 17-66.

Dykova, I. and Lom, J. 1981. Fish coccidia: critical notes on life cycles, classification and pathogenicity. Journal of Fish Diseases 4: 487-505.

Dykova, I. and Lom, J. 1983. Fish coccidia: An annotated list of described species. Folia Parasitologica (Praha) 30: 193-208.

Hanek, G. and Molnar, K. 1974. Parasites of freshwater and anadromous fishes from Matamek river system, Quebec. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 31: 1135-1139.

Hine, P.M. 1975. Eimeria anguillae Leger & Hollande, 1922 parasitic in New Zealand eels. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 9: 239-243.

Hine, P.M. and Boustead, N.C. 1974. A guide to disease in eel farms. Fisheries Research Division, Occasional Publication No. 6, New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Wellington. 28 pp.

Jastrzebski, M. 1984. New species of fish coccidia in Poland. Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne 30: 165-170.

Lacey, S.M. and Williams, I.C. 1983. Epieimeria anguillae (Leger & Hollande, 1922) Dykova & Lom, 1981 (Apicomplexa: Eucoccidia) in the European eel, Anguilla anguilla (L.). Journal of Fish Biology 23: 605-609.

Landau, I., Marteau, M., Golvan, Y., Chabaud, A.G., and Boulard, Y. 1975. Heterozenie chez les coccidies intestinales de poissons. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences (Paris) 281: 1721-1723.

Leger, L. and Hollande, A.-Ch. 1922. Coccidie de l'intestin de l'Anguille. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences 175: 999- 1002.

Levine, N.D. 1984. The genera Cryptosporidium and Epieimeria in the coccidian family Cryptosporidiidae (Protozoa: Apicomplexa). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 103: 205-206.

Lom, J. and Dykova, I. 1982. Some marine fish coccidia of the genera Eimeria Schneider, Epieimeria Dykova & Lom and Goussia Labbe. Journal of Fish Diseases 5: 309-321.

Lom, J. and Dykova, I. 1995. Studies on protozoan parasites of Australian fishes. Notes on coccidian parasites with description of three new species. Systematic Parasitology 31: 147-156.

Lukes, J. 1990. Freshwater fish coccidia: species composition, biology and ultrastructure. PhD dissertation, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Cseke Budejovice. Volume 1, 137 pp., Volume 2, with 60 figures.

Markevich, A.P. 1951. Parasitic fauna of freshwater fish of the Ukrainian S.S.R. Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoi SSR, Institut Zoologii, Kiev, 375 pp. Translated from Russian by N. Rafael, Israel Program for Scientific Translations. Office of Technical Series, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 388 pp.

Molnar, K. and Baska, F. 1986. Light and electron microscopic studies on Epieimeria anguillae (Leger & Hollande, 1922), a coccidium parasitizing the European eel, Anguilla anguilla L. Journal of Fish Diseases 9: 99-110.

Molnar, K. and Hanek, G. 1974. Seven new Eimeria spp. (Protozoa, Coccidia) from freshwater fishes of Canada. Journal of Protozoology 21: 489-493.

Molnar, K. and Rohde, K. 1988. New coccidians from freshwater fishes of Australia. Journal of Fish Diseases 11: 161-169.

Radujkovic, M. and A. Raibut. 1989a. Faune des parasites de poissons marins des cotes du Montenegro (Adriatique Sud). Acta Adriatica 30: 5-12.

Radujkovic, M. and A. Raibut. 1989b. Parasites des poissons marins du Montenegro: Liste des especes de poissons avec leurs parasites. Acta Adriatica 30: 307-319.

Schulman, S.S. and Shtein, G.A. 1962. A guide to the parasites of freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. In, Key to Parasites of Freshwater fish of the U.S.S.R., Pavlovskii, E.N., Bykhovskii, B.E., Bychovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I.E., Gusev, A.V., Dubinina, M.N., Izyumova, M.A., Smirnova, T.S., Sokolovskaya, I.L., Shtein, G.A., Schulman, S.S., Ephstein, V.M., Nagibina, L.F., Raikova, E.V., and Strelkov, Yu. A., editors. Izdatel'stvo Academii Nauk SSR, Moscow- Leningrad. Translated from Russian by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1964. pp. 33-51.

Su, Xiao-Qun and Chen, Chih-leu. 1991. Four new species of Eimeria parasites from freshwater fishes (Eucoccidia: Eimeridia: Eimeriidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 16: 263-269.

Thelohan, P. 1894. Nouvelles recherches sur les coccidies. Archivs de Zoologie Experimentale et Generale, Serie 3, 2: 541-573.