|Ponderosa Pine Site|
Tower Site Descriptions
This tower (35.862360 N, -106.597430 W) is located in the ~1200 km2 Jemez River basin of the Jemez Mountains in north-central New Mexico at the southern margin of the Rocky Mountain ecoregion in the Valles Caldera National Preserve. The tower is at 2200 m elevation and the climate can be characterized as semi-arid, montane. Mean annual temperature at this site is 9.8 C, and Mean annual precipitation is 550 mm. Precipitation is bimodal, where ~65% of the annual precipitation falls primarily as snow between October and April, and ~30% falls as rain during the monsoon months between July-September.
Vegetation at this site is composed of a Pinus ponderosa overstory with Gambel oak scrubland (Quercus gambelii) understory. Site characteristics for the Ponderosa pine trees at this site are 1041 (332, one standard error) stems ha-1, with a mean diameter at breast height (dbh) of 25.0(2.2) cm, mean height of 21.3(0.7) m, and LAI of 2.47 (0.23) m2 m-2 (McDowell et al. 2008)
This tower was set up by the NSF Science and Technology Center for the Sustainability of Semi-arid Hydrology (SAHRA) in 2005 in an effort to understand the role of vegetation type and structure on basin scale water resources. We have been maintaining the tower and processing the fluxes as part of SAHRA since October 2006.
McDowell, N, Sandra White, William Pockman (2008). Transpiration and stomatal conductance across a steep climate gradient in the southern Rocky Mountains. in review, Ecohydrology.
Ponderosa Pine Site Tower View
Ponderosa Pine Forest Site
Ponderosa Pine Forest Site Aerial View
© 2008 Marcy Litvak
Last Updated: January 14, 2008
For more information please contact: Dr. Marcy Litvak
Created by: Kimberly Bandy, January 2008